What is the zone of proximal development?

Document created by Community User on Oct 13, 2016
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What is the zone of proximal development (ZPD) and how do I use it in the classroom?

The zone of proximal development (ZPD) is the difference between what a student can do independently and what they can do with targeted assistance (scaffolding). Psychologist Lev Vygotsky coined this term in the 20th century to describe the ideal level where instruction is most beneficial for each student - just beyond their current level of independent capability.

For more information, see the following resources on NWEA.org:

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