“Too often, educational tests, grades, and report cards are treated by teachers and parents as autopsies when they should be viewed as physicals. That is, assessments are often perceived as only summative in nature when they should be formative—helping teachers ‘diagnose’ student difficulties and gain insight into how to improve students’ achievement.”
Source: Douglas Reeves. 2000. “Standards Are Not Enough: Essential Transformations for School Success.” NASSP Bulletin 84 (620), 5–19.